Showing posts with label Diabetes Complications. Show all posts

What a diabetic eats

Diabetes Diabetes is defined as an increase in blood sugar levels due to several reasons. Diabetes is divided into two types. In the first type of diabetes, the immune system attacks and destroys cells responsible for insulin secretion in the pancreas. Because of the low level of insulin in the blood and therefore the high level of sugar in it, while the second type of diabetes occurs as a result of several factors, including: genetic factors, weight and lack of movement, and the frequent eating sugars, and aging, affecting the work of the pancreas, and low level of insulin Septum in the blood. Diabetic Diet To control the level of sugar in a diabetic it is necessary to know the quality of foods allowed to be taken and not allowed to eat, to avoid the incidence of many complications, which we will inform you in this article. What diabetics eat foods rich in healthy carbohydrates, such as vegetables, legumes such as beans, fruits, and low-fat dairy products. Foods that are high in fiber, because they regulate the level of sugar in the blood, for example: fruits, vegetables, nuts, pulses, such as peas, lentils. Fish, where it is recommended to eat twice a week, such as tuna, meat, sardines and salmon, because it contains a low proportion of cholesterol, and saturated fat compared to other, instead of red meat, which contributes to the maintenance of heart health and reduce blood fat, Avoid eating fried fish, or fish with a high mercury content, such as swordfish.

 Foods high in unsaturated fats, such as: almonds, avocados, olives, and peanuts, which helps lower the level of cholesterol in the blood. Foods containing starches in medium quantities, such as rice. Foods should be avoided foods high in saturated fats and proteins, such as: sausage, beef and sausages, where it is recommended to eat 77% of calories from saturated fat daily. Foods high in trans fat, such as snacks, such as boiled fat, and baked products. Foods high in cholesterol, such as: liver, egg yolks, shellfish, etc., and is recommended to eat less than 3000 mg of cholesterol daily. Salicylic acid, rich in sodium, is recommended to consume 2.3,000 mg of sodium per day. General advice for diabetics Divide meals into small meals instead of eating a large amount of food in a meal. Avoid eating too much sweets. Eat enough water, equivalent to eight cups a day. Rely on roasting, roasting, and steam cooking when preparing foods. Avoid eating fried foods. Eat brown bread instead of white bread. Weight loss. Exercising daily for half an hour. Check your blood glucose level regularly and be sure to check your doctor regularly. Keep the medicine on time. quit smoking. Avoid the causes of tension and sadness.

Definition of Diabetes

Diabetes : is one of the most important diseases to be recognized and understood well, because this disease is widespread among people, in some cases it is genetically inherited, in other cases the cause usually environmental. A diabetic needs to be checked regularly by a specialist for his or her health.
The general mechanism of this disease is  either a decrease in the secretion of insulin hormone, which is responsible for the regulation of blood sugar, and the pancreas is considered the main organ responsible for this task, so , any change in the pancreas affecting the secretion of insulin, will lead to increase in the blood sugar,and thus the symptoms of diabetes appear. It is possible to detect diabetics through tests and advanced analysis, which is based mainly on blood tests, to indicate the sugar in it.
 The Arabic scientist Ibn Sina is the first finder of this disease.

Diabetics may also be susceptible to nerve and blood vessel dysfunction.

 The idea that diabetes is caused by food that contains large amounts of sugar is a misconception. There are many risk factors, including an increase in growth hormone secretion or psychological factors Such as anxiety, fear, and other mental disorders.
One of the most important things that should be discussed when talking about diabetes is the sugar coma, which is one of the most dangerous things to the diabetic patient, It’s due to a large shortage of blood sugar, and the symptoms may start in the form of sweating , There may also  be a state of tremors or paralysis, in addition to the occurrence of convulsions in the body, and this case if not controlled by a competent doctor may lead to death.

 How can diabetes be Managed ?

The Management of Diabetes requires a lot of attention by the specialist, as the treatment is by life style modification , and the patient may also need to be given insulin injections or tablets.
Modern technologies have become able to cultivate the pancreas in the body, which performs the same functions performed by the real pancreas, by pumping he amount of insulin required by the body.
 There are mild  cases of diabetes, and most of them are asymptomatic, but here are other cases that need attention, and we need to pay more attentions that may affect your health as you grow up , like diabetes mellitus.

Normal blood sugar after eating A meal

Diabetes is one of the most important health problems and it has become very common in worldwide , and despite the great development in the field of medicine, but only some drugs can actually reduce blood sugar levels,and no cure has been discovered yet, the current aim is to control blood sugar levels and to reduce the serious complications that many of the injured suffer from because of this disease, like visual problems which include cataract and glucoma , in addition to other difficulties that may reach  amputation of limbs or what is known as gangrenous limbs , high blood sugar levels may also lead to strokes, sudden cardiac or repeated cases of fainting, and neuropathy and inflammation and ulcerations in various areas of the body, it can also affect the kidneys leading eventually to total failure and other problems.
 Diabetes is a disorder in the metabolism of the body causing a sharp rise in blood sugar which is sometimes caused by a severe shortage of insulin secretion, and it is necessary to conduct pre-emptive tests to determine blood sugar even before the emergence of any symptoms because it can reduce future complications of diabetes serious and increases the chances of recovery from this disease.
Symptoms of diabetes
You can know your blood sugar level through a simple routine investigation of a device for the detection of diabetes, and we must know that the natural blood sugar level of a fasting person should be between 80-100 mg / dL, and the natural blood sugar level after eating a meal  must be less than 180 mg / dL maximum, but if the rate of sugar for the fasting of 100-125 mg / dl This gives an indication of the possibility of a person to get diabetes soon and he must control his diet to prevent from any possible increase in blood sugar level.
Blood sugar level for a person after  about two hours of having a meal should be less than 140 mg,  if it’s more it means that he has diabetes 1 he should see his doctor to start Treatment steps to avoid serious complications. 

Learn about low-sugar foods

Learn about low-sugar foods :

1. Olive oil: activates the hormone insulin, because it contains monounsaturated fatty acids, reduces blood sugar. Green leafy vegetables help control the level of sugar in the blood, thanks to its containment of magnesium and vitamin K.
2.       Onion: Onion proved its ability to reduce sugar by 40%. Garlic: Works to reduce sugar by  swallowing it with water, or cooked with food
3.     Cinnamon: Increases the ability of cells to absorb sugar, and decrease in blood about 10%
4.       Fish: Sugar reduces weight and also reduces weight, thanks to its omega-3 content
5.     Milk Products: With vitamin D, calcium and magnesium, milk and dairy products help reduce blood sugar, but not cheese, they contain lots of fat
6.     Oatmeal: Oat contains a lot of fiber, and can reduce the sugar by 30%
7.      Legumes: Legumes give a feeling of fullness, rich in fiber, which makes it taken periodically to reduce sugar significantly
8.     Wheat germ: Vitamin B and vitamin E in the wheat germ, reduce blood sugar levels.