How Do Diabetics Care About Their Feet And Why?

As a diabetic you must have read or heard from your physician that it’s very important to daily check your feet, and that your feet are more prone to trauma, infections and even abcess format than every body else, but why is your feet at danger of these problems, and how can you prevent them early?

Your feet is susceptible to the previously mentioned problems because of the following: 

A. Decrease or loss of sensation:
Diabetes can affect nerves, especially the peripheral nerves meaning the nerves that supply the hands and feet to give them the ability of sensation, once these nerves are affected sensation will gradually decrease in these areas especially the feet so if you had a minor trauma like a pin prick or a small wound you may not feel them, and they may get worse. 
And the best way to prevent your nerves from being damaged by diabetes is to keep your blood sugar levels within the normal range. 

B. High liability for infection :
Excess sugar in blood makes it a very good environment for bacteria to attack and live in there, so again, controlling blood sugar is a vital step for decreasing the degree of infection.

C. Immune system dysfunction
When you have an injury somewhere, for example your foot, some of the first cells that come to act there are the white blood cells, which arrive at the wound area to fight against foreign bodies, and prevent wound infection, but in uncontrolled diabetes mellitus this process is slower and is much inhibited by excess blood sugar.

All these factors contribute to the incidence of wound infections,  which are sometimes highly resistant to antibiotics, and they heal very slowly or even get worst. In the US 50% of foot amputations are due to diabetes.

So, how to care about your feet?

1. Inspect your foot daily for the presence of any redness, punctures or pus,  you can ask someone to help you, or use a mirror.

2. Wear comfortable shoes :
Wear comfortable shoes that are exactly your size, because smaller and lager shoes can cause many troubles due to repeated friction which may cause ulcerations.
Check your shoe before wearing and make sure they are completely empty.
Also you need to make  to wear clean and comfortable socks.

3. Cut your nails with caution : 
Cut your nails carefully, trying not to cut too much, and you may also ask someone to help you.

4. Clean your feet daily  :
Make sure to use warm water, not cold or hot, make sure to test the temperature of the water as it may be hot and cause injury to you without you realizing  that.

5. Let the doctor check your feet for you :
It’s good to go every few months for a feet check which is better to be done by a surgeon.

At the end we must insist on the fact that the best way to prevent feet problems from the start is by controlling your blood sugar by following an appropriate diet, a healthy lifestyle, and taking your medications as prescribed by your doctor.

How To Know If You're Having Diabetic Ketoacidosis? And What To Do Then?

The primary source of energy for the body is the glucose, which is generated from carbohydrates break down, and glucose cannot be used by the cell except in the presence of sufficient amounts of insulin, but in case of Diabetes where insulin is insufficient (type l diabetes), or where cells don’t respond to insulin (type ll diabetes), glucose sometimes cannot be utilized properly, so the body searches for a different fuel to get energy from, and that fuel is fats.
The problem with fat utilization Is that it produces a substance called ketones, these ketones when become in excess they can cause multiple problems , some of them is to make the blood acidic and the patient dehydrated and this may lead to many complications.
So. Diabetic ketoacidosis, or ketosis  a medical emergency, that should be dealt with very wisely. In this article we are going to know how to recognize this condition  and how to act if it happened to us or to someone we know.
Symptoms of diabetic ketosis:
1. Excessive urination.
2. Extreme thirst. 
3. Abdominal pain.
4. Nausea and vomiting.
5. Deep and rapid breathing.
6. fruity or acetone like breath smell.
7. Decreased level of consciousness.

So, what are the causes of Diabetic ketosis?
A. Emotional or physical stress.
B. Illness , especially infections like respiratory or urinary tract infections.
C. Missing medication doses.
D. Drugs or alcohol use 

Complications of diabetic ketoacidosis:
Ketoacidosis can lead to a variety of problems including :
- Brain oedema (brain swelling) and this cam be mainly due to the imbalance in blood composition, as it may become very acidic.
- Kidney failure: severe dehydration due to excessive urination and vomiting may lead to renal failure in few cases if not managed promptly.
- Diabetic coma.
- Pulmonary oedema (excess fluids in the lungs). 

How to deal with Diabetic Ketosis at home :-
1. Measure your blood sugar level: 
If you have any of the above symptoms and you suspect that you may have ketosis while you have your kits at home then measure your blood sugar immediately.
2. If your blood glucose was high and you have the kits for measuring blood ketones then it will really help you to measure the levels of ketones in your urine, if it’s  below 0.6 mmol/L then it’s normal and it is unlikely that you have DKA. 
If the level is between 0.6 to 1.5 mmol/L this may indicate a small degree of ketosis and you should check again 2 hours later.
If it’s more than 2 mmol/L then there’s a high risk that you may enter a state of ketosis, and you should contact your doctor or seek medical help at hospital.
3. Contact your doctor and tell him what you feel, he’ll probably advice you to go to the hospital, if he thought that you should go then go immediately.

At hospital they might admit you for a while, rehydrate your body by giving you intravenous fluids and measure your urine output to monitor the condition of your kidney.
They will also give you insulin doses monitored to decrease blood glucose and ketone levels.

Hypoglycemia and how to deal with it

Hypo glycaemia ( low blood sugar level), is 
one of the most common and serious complications of Diabetes, and this condition can occur due to many causes, like :
1. Delaying your meal, having your meal late is a very common cause of hypoglycemia, and that’s why it’s better to be very restrict about your meal time, and to carry your lunch with you especially when you’re having a long day at work or at university.

2. Having an overdose of your diabetic medications, your medications which are prescribed by your doctor, act in controlling your blood sugar level by lowering it to the normal if you’re taking it within the recommended doses, but if someday you accidentally had a larger dose than what you’re supposed to, this may lower your blood sugar level to the degree of hypoglycemia.

3. Having smaller meals than you should, Eating enough amount of food in your meal is essential to have a constant level of blood sugar, and having a meal rich in fibers will make digestion more slow which will help in keeping that level of sugar more stable

4. Doing extreme exercise that requires an unusually high effort for you, this might actually consume energy by consuming glucose which means decreasing blood sugar level and this may lead to hypoglycemia.

5. Having a disease that consumes body energy like diarrhea or vomiting, leading to a massive increase in blood sugar.

What are the symptoms of low blood sugar?

Symptoms vary from a patient to another, and they are not specific to hypoglycemia, but the most common symptoms of them are hunger, dizziness, anxiousness, Sweating, tremors or shaking, visual disturbances, headache, and palpitations.
These symptoms are considered initial symptoms, and if not treated early the patient can enter a state of fainting and complete loss of consciousness or seizures. 
As we mentioned, symptoms are not constant, and that’s why you should regularly monitor your blood glucose levels and compare the symptoms, to know what kind of symptoms you have during a hypoglycemic state, and it is also preferred to teach these things to your family si they can act quickly and help you in case of an emergency. 

What to do when you have hypoglycemia?
Hypoglycemia is a serious condition, but luckily it can be easily managed by following the following steps:

A. Measure your blood sugar levels as quick as you can hypo glycaemia is considered as having a blood glucose level lower than 70 mg/dL, or 3.9 millimoles per liter (mmol/L).

B. Immediately take a few discs of readily soluble sugar or hard sugar bars , a candy bar, or a sweetened juice or drink as a source of sugar and the amounts should be as following :
Five to six pieces of hard candy. 
Four ounces (120 milliliters) of fruit juice or regular — not diet — soda
One tablespoon (15 milliliters) of sugar, jelly or honey. 
Four glucose tablets (available without a prescription at most pharmacies)
A serving of glucose gel (read the label for amount)
C. Stop doing any physical activity, and take some rest, and if you’re driving your car it’s better to stop immediately.

D. Measure your blood sugar level 20 minutes later, and if it’s still low you may have another source of sugar. 

E. If this case recurred for many times, look for the precepitating factors and  treat them (i.e. Check your meal timing and amount, check if you have any other disease that may cause hypoglycemia, recheck your doses and consult your physician to know id you should change the dose or the type of your diabetic medications.

Seven Things A Diabetic Patient Should Regularly Check

Being a diabetic patient doesn’t mean that you should be worried about your health and what could be happened to your body because of your disease as a complication of it all day long, no, a diabetic patient can actually lead a very normal life, but there are certain things that he should pay attention for.
In this topic we are going to mention some of the most important things that a diabetic patient should regularly check so that he can be able to know his current condition and so he’ll feel more relaxed.

1. Watch what you eat : 
eating can be something that you really care about as a diabetic, and you should, because uncontrolled diabetes which can occur due to uncontrolled eating can be a major cause for diabetes complications, like : heart diseases, kidney diseases, and eye problems.
There are some foods that should be avoided by diabetics to maintain a healthy level of blood sugar, like :
Sugar sweetened beverages, white bread and pasta, honey and maple syrup, and French fries.

2. Check your feet daily :
Diabetes can decrease the sense of feeling in your feet as it affects the peripheral nerves in your limbs, so you may not feel an injury that may have happened to your foot like a wound due to a pin brick for an example, and this isn’t the only problem, another problem is that wounds in diabetics doesn’t heal as in normal people, because high blood sugar delays wound healing, and as a result a small wound will take a very long time to heal, and it may deteriorate and become more big and infected.

3. Check your blood sugar levels :
Checking your blood sugar levels daily will help you to know the situation of your disease, and it will also help you regulate what and when to take your medications, this will help you to avoid complications and it will let you know when to meet your doctor.

4. Exercise Regularly :
Heart diseases are one of the most important complications of Diabetes, and Exercising regularly can prevent these diseases.
Simple regular exercises can be of a great help to your health, even simple daily walking in your street for at least 15 minutes will have a great positive effect on your general health, and on your heart health.

5. Take a small snack with you :
It’s well known that hypoglycemia ( low blood sugar level) is a very common complication of Diabetes that may happen at any time, and if not detected and managed early, it can cause fainting, that’s why taking a small snack, like dried fruits can help you rise blood sugar as soon as you feel the initial symptoms of hypoglycemia.
These initial symptoms include Dizziness, Sweating, Hunger, Irritability or moodiness, Anxiety or nervousness and Headache.

6. Have your medications in time :
As we previously mentioned, uncontrolled diabetes is one of the worst problems about the disease, because it can lead to diabetes complications even in young ages.
Good dietary control, and taking your medications in time and the way that they were prescribed by your doctor can greatly help in controlling blood sugar levels and thus prevent the appearance of complications.

7. Check your vision annually:
Retinal diseases can be a major concern to diabetics, as visual deterioration usually occurs gradually in many years, and checking with your ophthalmologist every year will be very helpful to the earl detection and management of these problems.

Sticking to these habits will help you be more comfortable with your disease and to have a better control on it. It will also be better to decrease stress and relax more often, as stress elevates cortisol hormone level and this will lead to subsequent increase in blood sugar levels.

How to prevent diabetes

Diabetes is a serious disease that affects a person's life,Recently, it has been observed that the incidence of infection is increasing because of the rapid and lazy lifestyle and lack of information that people carry.
Diabetes :
Diabetes is an increase in blood sugar Due to the inability of glucose to move to cells For some reason we will come to mention later To supply it with the energy it needs and thus increase its rate in the blood,The hormone responsible for regulating blood sugar is insulinAny imbalance in its production causes diabetes.
Diabetes results in many serious complications such as Wound healing   and burns healing delay. It is always advised to get diabetics as far away as possible from different injuries because the process of delayed wound healing may cause gangrene And can lead to cutting off the injured organ. Diabetes also affects nerves and eye causing injury with retinal degeneration.
Types of diabetes :
Diabetes is divided into three types :
Type I : It is caused by the lack of insulin or  its low quantity. You can not regulate blood sugar, The organ responsible for the production of insulin is the pancreas.
Type II : It is caused by the inability of insulin to regulate blood sugar And transfer it to the cells in the form of glucose.
Type III : It is the pregnancy diabetes that affects some pregnant women in some cases, It is rare. 

Causes of Diabetes :
- Genetic factors have a significant role in the rate of getting diabetes  , the more people in the family having diabetes, the higherthe riskof gettingthe diseas. 
- Weight gain and obesity helps to weaken the pancreatic function, As well as eating large amounts of meals that contain a lot of fat and a large proportion of sugars are some of the most important risk factors of diabetes.
- Lack of exercise and lack of movement.
- Smoking.

Prevention Of Diabetes:
- Eat healthy food rich in vegetables and fruits.
- Stay away from takeaway and fatty meals high in calories and fat. Eating high-sugar sweets should be minimized.
- Leave smoking and stay away from places where smokers gather for not inhaling the smell of harmful smoke.
- Try to relax and stay away from excess stress.
- Exercise to stimulate blood circulation on the one hand, and on the other to get rid of excess weight and obesity And fat burning .

How To Maintain Your Blood Sugar Levels Within the Normal Range

Our societies suffer from many health problems and diseases because of the changing patterns of human behaviour, changing patterns of nutrition, and the contribution of various environmental factors like pollution and noise.
All of this contributed in the occurrence of some of the diseases whether physical or psychological and among those diseases that spread in our communities is Diabetes.
The statistics show an increase in the proportion of the incidence of the disease in all age groups, and an increase of the treatment burden of this disease on the individual and the community, and also the burden on government with a large budget allocated to treat the patients.
what is diabetes? What is the treatment? And what is the way that keeps the blood sugar of the patient within the normal range?

Normal Ranges Of Blood Sugar :

Diabetes occurs either due to the result of deficiency and lack of insulin secretion (i.e. insufficient insulin hormone in the body because of the destruction pancreatic cells by the immune system ) , which is called type l diabetes , Or it may occur due to The inappropriate response of the  body cells to the hormone insulin, and thus the malfunction of the hormone insulin, which is primarily responsible for the conversion of sugar in the blood to energy,  so the amount of sugar in the blood increases , which may cause many complications like:
-          injury to the kidneys , nerves and blood vessels .
-         The patient may develop vision loss and other serious complications, so the diabetic patient should maintain a normal level of blood sugar to avoid these symptoms and complications.
And maintaining normal blood sugar  levels is acheived by:
- following a special diet, while maintaining a constant amount of meals and having them at certain fixed times.
- weight loss and regular exercise on a daily basis as it helps to improve blood sugar levels .
-  Avoid sugar and sweets and replace them with industrial sweeteners.
- Eat fruits and natural unsweetened fruit juice.


How To Know If You Have High Blood Sugar ?

What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects humans. It is caused by the inability of the pancreas to produce enough insulin to the body, or because of insulin resistance by tissues .
But , what is insulin?
The insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas, which regulates the amount of sugar in the blood, when diabetes occurs , the pancreas will be unable to secret insulin or it secretes it but the body cannot use it, and thus the amount of sugar in the blood increases, and this leads to the damage of many body organs and such as nerves and blood vessels and others .
 Symptoms of diabetes:
 The symptoms of diabetes vary from person to person depending on the type of diabetes the person has. There are three types of diabetes that will be discussed in this topic: type I diabetes , type II and gestational diabetes, and often the symptoms are not clear, the person does not know that he has the disease, except when  he has the tests that confirm it, and the symptoms of diabetes can be summarized in:
-         Persistant feeling of thirst
-         urination at close times and in large amounts.
-         Decreased weight for unspecific reasons.
-         Persistant  feeling of hungry.
-          confusion of vision and other sight disorders .
-         Feeling tired.

Types of diabetes:
 There are several types of diabetes, namely:

Type I diabetes: It is sometimes called childhood diabetes, because it usually affects young children, and it is associated with  lack of insulin production, and it requires patients to take insulin on daily basis, and so far Doctors and researchers could not know the cause of this type of diabetes, or ways to prevent it, the symptoms that accompany this type include:
-         feeling thirsty .
-         - excessive urination.
-         weight loss.
-         - vision disorders.
-         - feeling of fatigue and hunger.

these symptoms may suddenly appear in the patient of this type of Diabetes.

 Diabetes type II: This type of diabetes is caused by the inability of the body to effectively use insulin produced by the body, and this type is not linked to the lack of insulin production as in the first type.
This type of diabetes is found in 90% of people with diabetes around the world Especially in the elderly and it’s due to the lack of physical activity or excessive weight gain.
 Symptoms of this type are similar to symptoms of the first type including thirst, disturbances in vision, urination, feeling tired and hungry, but they do not appear clearly as in the first type, so the patient may not know that he suffers from diabetes unless when the disease worsens and the complications emerge.

Gestational diabetes: This type of diabetes is linked to pregnancy and type l and type ll ,usually  it cannot be detected by the patient easily, and usually it is detected during the routine tests conducted before birth, and the cause of the disease is that the placenta - during pregnancy - secretes hormones to support pregnancy, and these hormones make the cells more resistant to insulin, and in the late two thirds of pregnancy, the placenta grows in size and thus secretes a larger amount of these hormones that resist insulin and the pancreas responds in natural cases by producing larger quantities of Insulin, but the pancreas may reach a stage where it cannot keep up with this resistance ,thus Insulin accumulates in the blood and cells cannot use it.
All pregnant women are at risk of developing gestational diabetes, but it is more likely to occur in women over the age of 25 and overweight women and those with genetic susceptibility .
 It is noteworthy that the majority of women who have gestational diabetes give birth to healthy children, but if the level of sugar in the blood of the pregnant was high and unmonitored, it can cause health problems for the mother and the fetus, such as:
- abnormally big sized baby .
-  large amounts of blood sugar in the child may also increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes when he gets older .
-in some serious cases this leads to the death of the fetus.

Complications :
Diabetes can cause serious health complications, including diseases in the heart, kidneys, blood vessels, eyes and nerves.
It also causes cardiovascular disease and can lead to strokes and heart attacks, which causes death in half of people with diabetes around the world. .
 Diabetes causes nerve damage in many disorders, which appear as tingling or pain in the limbs.
 It may also cause kidney failure, which causes the death of 200%?? of people with diabetes.
Diabetes can cause major retinal disorders that can lead to blindness in 2% of cases. It affects small blood vessels in the eyes, which damage the retina and cause vision problems.
 The following tips can be used to prevent or delay the onset of diabetes:
-         Maintain a healthy weight and lose weight by exercising daily, or at least walking for 30 minutes a day and eating a balanced diet rich in fruits and vegetables at a rate of five servings per day.
-         decrease sugars and saturated fat in the diet.
-         Avoid smoking and other habits that negatively affect the blood vessels.

Diagnosis and treatment :
Diabetes can be diagnosed by simple, low-cost procedures such as blood glucose tests during fasting or random blood glucose tests. If the level of sugar in the blood is high, the doctor will usually recommend other tests to determine the type of the Diabetes, either type l or ll, and therefore determine the appropriate treatment in this case, and he can recommend the patient to test the hemoglobin in the blood . Gestational diabetes is usually diagnosed during regular tests in pregnancy.

How to treat diabetes

Diabetes is a very common chronic disease, which the patient suffers from throughout his life, and it affects the ability of the body to extract the energy of glucose sugar from food.
 In a healthy human body, carbohydrates and sugars in food are broken down into  glucose molecules. This molecule supplies the body's cells with the energy needed to perform its vital functions, but it needs  insulin hormone to help it enter the cells. 

In diabetes, either the body's ability to produce enough insulin, or the insulin ability to function in cells , or both, is reduced.
 Since glucose can not enter the cells, it accumulates in the blood and damages small blood vessels in the kidneys, heart, eyes and nervous system. Therefore, failure to properly treat diabetes results in the destruction of these vital organs, thus endangering the patient's life.

 Diabetes has three main types: type I, type II, and Gestational diabetes . The first type is an autoimmune disease in which antibodies attack the cells responsible for the secretion of insulin, so the pancreas stops the secretion of insulin or begins to excrete insufficient amounts to regulate the level of glucose in the blood. About 10% of diabetics in the United States suffer from this type of disease. The first type of diabetes is usually diagnosed in childhood or early adolescence. These patients rely on insulin injections on a daily basis to control the disease. 

   The second type is the most common, with a percentage of about 90% of people with diabetes, in this type the body does not respond to insulin, although the pancreas continues to secrete it, and it is usually diagnosed after the age of 45 years. 

Many genes have been associated with this type of Disease, so it is somewhat a hereditary disease, in addition to other factors that may increase the chance of infection, such as suffering from high blood pressure, high blood triglycerides, excessive alcohol intake and obesity. 

Gestational diabetes usually affects pregnant women in the second half of their pregnancy. Although the disease disappears after childbirth, women who have suffered from it may develop type 2 diabetes more than others. They may also give birth to large children.

Diabetes Symptoms:

 Most people have same symptoms ofvdiabetes, regardless of the type  they experience. The most prominent symptoms and signs are as follows: 
- General fatigue, and the feeling of fatigue constantly: This is due to the inability of the body to take advantage of glucose as fuel. And then turn to the use of other sources of energy, such as fat, for example, the patient feels tired persistently.
- Unwarranted weight loss: Although the patient's appetite for food is not reduced but weight loss can happen due to the inability of the body to take advantage of the calories it takes. The loss of sugar and water in urine also contributes to thevcondition of drought associated with weight loss. 
- Feeling very thirsty: Because of the increase in blood sugar, the body tries to reduce those ratios by increasing the level of water, the brain sends signals in the form of a sense of thirst so that the patient drinks more water. 

- Frequent urination: This is another way in which the body tries to resist the high blood sugar levels by excreting it heavily in the urine.
- Excessive eating: This is due to the role of insulin in the stimulation of feeling hungry, and with an increase in the proportion in the second type of diabetes the feeling of hunger grows. 
Recurrent Infections : Because of the weakness of the immunity suffered by diabetics, in addition to the presence of sugar and its abundance in the body; This stimulates the growth of bacteria.

- Misdiagnosis of the mental state: This arises from many complications of diabetes, often resulting from a significant rise in the level of glucose in the blood. 
- Wound healing delay : High levels of glucose prevent the white blood cells from functioning properly, exposing wounds to inflammation and delaying the buildup. 

Treatment of diabetes :
The treatment of diabetes in various ways aims to to reduce the levels of sugar in the blood . The most important methods of treatment of diabetes are as follows:
General treatment of all types of diabetes: These methods are no less important than drugs, aiming to maintain the ideal body weight.
- Healthy diet, concentrated on fruits, vegetables and grains, includes high nutritional value, high fiber content, and low fat. Reducing intake of animal products, refined carbohydrates, and sweets. It is also necessary to exercise continuously, as this contributes to the introduction of glucose molecules into cells, in addition to its role in increasing the response of cells to the hormone insulin. 
 All diabetics must constantly measure their blood sugar level to ensure that the body responds to treatment, and to prevent complications from high sugar levels.
 Insulin therapy: It is usually used to treat the first type of diabetes, and if the second type patient does not respond to other drugs. 

Insulin has many forms, some of which do not start immediately, and those usually persist for long periods of time. It is not usually given orally, but in the form of injections, as well as through so-called insulin pumps. 

Drugs that do not contain insulin are given either orally or by injection, and they have many types. Some of them stimulate the secretion of insulin from the pancreas, which inhibits the production of glucose from the liver, and there are types that increase the response of the body's cells to insulin. The most popular of these drugs and the first used for the treatment of diabetes is metformin drug. 
These drugs include rosiglitazone, chloropropamide, ribaglanide, acarbose and others. 
Pancreatic transplantation: This process is especially beneficial for type I patients. When this process is successful, the patient does not need to inject insulin again, but it also carries the risk of rejection of the new organ. This procedure is therefore usually performed for patients who do not respond to insulin, or for those who will undergo a kidney transplant.

5 Important Tips For A Healthy Diabetics Diet

Diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by high blood sugar caused by damage of pancreatic cells that secrete the insulin hormone responsible for regulating blood sugar,  and converting sugar to energy for the benefit of the cells of the body.
 If blood sugar levels are not controlled, the patient Is exposed to many serious complications such as high blood pressure, cardiovascular diseases , kidney diseases , visual problems , and many other complications. Diabetic patients are advised to follow a healthy diet and to healthy habits appropriate for diabetics. It is recommended to focus on food rich in dietary fibers and to reduce as much as possible foods rich in carbohydrates with high glycemic index, because it raises blood sugar levels directly after meals . On the other hand , with foods with low glycemic index, it takes time for the blood sugar levels to rise and therefore there will be a better chance to control the blood sugar. 

Diabetics are advised to follow a diet that focuses on the consumption of a good amount of fibers which can be found in vegetables and Fruits, and the reduction of sugar and fats, especially saturated fats, and the goal of the diet is to regulate the secretion of insulin to control the level of sugar in the blood, and must first determine the nutritional needs of the diabetic and the amount of calories to be addressed .

A Healthy Diet For Diabetics :

A diabetic should consider the following when following a diet :
1- A healthy diet for the diabetics should contain the whole food groups, taking into account the amount of calories required , which is determined by blood sugar tests and the weight of the patient. It also concentrates on foods that contain high fiber, because it helps reduce the level of sugar in the blood and reduce the absorption of fat, because it works on the packaging of carbohydrates and fats in the stomach and prevent their absorption, and thus help to alleviate the problems of constipation suffered by a large number of patients, Bran, brown rice and legumes are fiber-rich foods.
2- Reduce the intake of foods containing saturated fats, such as red meat and replace them with fish, poultry and nuts you can also use olive oil in cooking instead of butter, and roasting instead of oil frying, and remove fat from meat and poultry before cooking. Eat low-fat dairy products as a substitute for whole-fat dairy. This system must be used as a daily, permanent and continuous routine.

3- Diabetics should avoid eating sweets and foods containing sugar, drinking soft drinks and sugar-containing juices as they contribute to the elevation of blood sugar levels very rapidly . Reduce salt in food and avoid consumption of canned food because it contains a large amount of salt, which contributes to the raising of blood pressure, which is originally a complication of diabetes.
4- Regular exercise is extremely  beneficial for heart health and helps in weight loss and lowering blood sugar levels.

5- Also don’t forget to : drink enough water and to Chew your food well, so the body can benefit more.

A Healthy Balanced Breakfast For Diabetics

Diabetes is one of the most prevalent diseases around the world, the number of diabetic patients by the present time is about 195 million , and by the year 2025 it is estimated to be up to 330 million , this large numbers of people with diabetes constitute a significant financial burden To governments in different countries of the world, especially developing countries. To alleviate this, we must always raise the awareness about the dangers of diabetes and its complications. 
People should be more aware about themselves and of how to prevent themselves from getting the disease . Although diabetes is widespread among people, some people are unaware of the nature of the disease.
 Diabetes can be defined as a range of metabolic-related diseases, resulting in high blood sugar levels due to decreased insulin secretion, or to the decreased response of cells to insulin , and if the level of sugar rise in the blood chronically, this will expose the human to dysfunction and failure in some parts of the body, such as the heart, arteries, nerves, eyes and kidneys.

There are certain factors that increase the chance of getting diabetes, most notably: 
- Age : getting old may be one of the factors that increase the chance of diabetes. 
- Obesity: and a large increase in weight.
- Lack of mobility and exercise, besides eating unhealthy foods.

The previous factors notes that diet plays a major role in the incidence of diabetes, Eating unhealthy foods and not following any  healthy diet will increase the risk of developing the disease, while on the other hand, following a healthy diet that provides the body with all the necessary elements in sufficient quantities , and practicing good healthy habits will help significantly in controlling the level of sugar in the blood. 
Following a healthy diet will also insure that the patient stays within the ideal weight, which will help the patient significantly to adjust the levels of sugar in the blood, but in some cases, the patient may need to take medications to control his blood sugar . 
Patients with diabetes are always advised to eat onions, garlic, thermos, cabbage and broccoli, because these foods have an active role in the burning of blood sugar. 
These patients must also avoid all unhealthy fatty foods, meat , foods and beverages sweetened, and too salty foods, because work on Increasing the sugar level significantly. There is no doubt that eating meals regularly and not missing any of them is also very important, especially breakfast, which is considered the most important meal of the daily meals, but for diabetics they have the meal special and healthy breakfast, which is represented by eating one loaf of brown bread, which It can be eaten with the following foods: one egg boiled and fresh. A box of yoghurt or yogurt. The diabetic jam : two tablespoons. Sliced cucumbers and tomatoes. It is recommended that one warm drinks like tea or coffee but without adding sugar to it.

How to Diagnose Diabetes

Diabetic diabetes is a disease that affects the human body, resulting from high blood sugar, low walls of insulin and the difficulty in organizing the work, where insulin works to regulate the proportion of glugose in the blood, and allow glucose to enter the middle of the cells and even outside. When the walls of insulin, Allow the glucose to pass between the cells, and thus does not turn glucose into energy; and here the body gets harmful diabetes. Insulin also helps to increase the building process, such as cell growth, fat storage and protein synthesis. It is responsible for converting metabolism from demolition to construction and vice versa. If insulin is weak, the body will not absorb glucose properly from the cells of the body. Diabetes is one of the most serious diseases on the human body, such as affecting the nerves and blood vessels, and the occurrence of complications such as heart disease and stroke or stroke, and inflammation of the gums, and may sometimes lead to the amputation of the infected organ such as sugar feet.

The symptoms of diabetes increase the number of urination, high pressure of aging, and also feel the person suffering from increased thirst to compensate for the amount of lost from the body through urination, fatigue and extreme fatigue, weight loss, slow healing wounds, and the proportion of symptoms as low as the concentration of sugar in Blood, and also affects the focus of the eye and confusion of vision. Diagnosis of diabetes Information about the patient's health status and family history is provided where heredity plays a major role in the transmission of the disease. The blood sugar is then diagnosed by three steps: after fasting for 8 hours, glucose is calculated, which is the commonly used test. If the ratio is more than 126 mg / dl, it indicates the presence of diabetes in the blood. Calculation of blood glucose after two hours of patient intake 75 grams of sugar, this method is used in case the result in the first test is negative. Glucose is checked at random screening of 200 mg / dL. The results of the examination of diabetes and the results that indicate that the person is healthy, including: If the glucose after fasting if less than 100 mg / dl, it was said to be a healthy person from diabetes, but in the case of more than 100 mg / dl that there is Introductions to sugar in the human body.
 May God heal you from all diseases.

Benifits You never Knew About Cinnamon For Diabetics

Diabetes is one of the most common diseases around the world. The percentage of adults with diabetes is about 25% of the world's population. This disease is a part of the metabolic syndrome which consists of high blood sugar, high blood pressure and high fat Triglycerides and cholesterol, which is of low density. There are two types of diabetes, the first type: diabetes type (l) , which occurs before the age of thirty and is the result of attacking of the immune system to the pancreas, which leads to damage of cells and inability to produce insulin, thus it occurs  as a result of lack of insulin hormone and noteworthy Insulin is the hormone responsible for lowering blood sugar. The prevalence of this type is between 5-10%. 
Type II:  most prevalent where the prevalence rate between 90 - 95% and it occis in people who are 40 years and above and the disease is due to the inability of insulin to perform its function as a result of resistance of the body cells to insulin , and this leads to the secretion of excess amounts of insulin and Within a long period of about 8-10 years, this will lead to pancreatic failure. 
Cinnamon: Cinnamon is a bark of a brown-colored tree that is either used as chopsticks or grinded and it may also be used as a grated cinnamon.
Cinnamon and Diabetes Treatment:
Cinnamon has been proven to be effective in controlling blood sugar levels and regulating the insulin hormone. Scientists have analyzed the substances inside cinnamon and found that there is an active substance in cinnamon that activates cells which have stopped responding to insulin.
How to use cinnamon for diabetics:
- Diabetic patients can use cinnamon in their daily diet they can boil cinnamon sticks with hot water and leave the soaked cinnamon for ten minutes and then drink it . 
- Crushed cinnamon can also be added to coffee or tea and sprinkled on a cup of tea or coffee.
- Cinnamon can be sprinkled with breakfast cereals. 
- Cinnamon can also be added as a flavor to food as it is characterized by its distinctive flavor and flavor.

What a diabetic eats

Diabetes Diabetes is defined as an increase in blood sugar levels due to several reasons. Diabetes is divided into two types. In the first type of diabetes, the immune system attacks and destroys cells responsible for insulin secretion in the pancreas. Because of the low level of insulin in the blood and therefore the high level of sugar in it, while the second type of diabetes occurs as a result of several factors, including: genetic factors, weight and lack of movement, and the frequent eating sugars, and aging, affecting the work of the pancreas, and low level of insulin Septum in the blood. Diabetic Diet To control the level of sugar in a diabetic it is necessary to know the quality of foods allowed to be taken and not allowed to eat, to avoid the incidence of many complications, which we will inform you in this article. What diabetics eat foods rich in healthy carbohydrates, such as vegetables, legumes such as beans, fruits, and low-fat dairy products. Foods that are high in fiber, because they regulate the level of sugar in the blood, for example: fruits, vegetables, nuts, pulses, such as peas, lentils. Fish, where it is recommended to eat twice a week, such as tuna, meat, sardines and salmon, because it contains a low proportion of cholesterol, and saturated fat compared to other, instead of red meat, which contributes to the maintenance of heart health and reduce blood fat, Avoid eating fried fish, or fish with a high mercury content, such as swordfish.

 Foods high in unsaturated fats, such as: almonds, avocados, olives, and peanuts, which helps lower the level of cholesterol in the blood. Foods containing starches in medium quantities, such as rice. Foods should be avoided foods high in saturated fats and proteins, such as: sausage, beef and sausages, where it is recommended to eat 77% of calories from saturated fat daily. Foods high in trans fat, such as snacks, such as boiled fat, and baked products. Foods high in cholesterol, such as: liver, egg yolks, shellfish, etc., and is recommended to eat less than 3000 mg of cholesterol daily. Salicylic acid, rich in sodium, is recommended to consume 2.3,000 mg of sodium per day. General advice for diabetics Divide meals into small meals instead of eating a large amount of food in a meal. Avoid eating too much sweets. Eat enough water, equivalent to eight cups a day. Rely on roasting, roasting, and steam cooking when preparing foods. Avoid eating fried foods. Eat brown bread instead of white bread. Weight loss. Exercising daily for half an hour. Check your blood glucose level regularly and be sure to check your doctor regularly. Keep the medicine on time. quit smoking. Avoid the causes of tension and sadness.

Definition of Diabetes

Diabetes : is one of the most important diseases to be recognized and understood well, because this disease is widespread among people, in some cases it is genetically inherited, in other cases the cause usually environmental. A diabetic needs to be checked regularly by a specialist for his or her health.
The general mechanism of this disease is  either a decrease in the secretion of insulin hormone, which is responsible for the regulation of blood sugar, and the pancreas is considered the main organ responsible for this task, so , any change in the pancreas affecting the secretion of insulin, will lead to increase in the blood sugar,and thus the symptoms of diabetes appear. It is possible to detect diabetics through tests and advanced analysis, which is based mainly on blood tests, to indicate the sugar in it.
 The Arabic scientist Ibn Sina is the first finder of this disease.

Diabetics may also be susceptible to nerve and blood vessel dysfunction.

 The idea that diabetes is caused by food that contains large amounts of sugar is a misconception. There are many risk factors, including an increase in growth hormone secretion or psychological factors Such as anxiety, fear, and other mental disorders.
One of the most important things that should be discussed when talking about diabetes is the sugar coma, which is one of the most dangerous things to the diabetic patient, It’s due to a large shortage of blood sugar, and the symptoms may start in the form of sweating , There may also  be a state of tremors or paralysis, in addition to the occurrence of convulsions in the body, and this case if not controlled by a competent doctor may lead to death.

 How can diabetes be Managed ?

The Management of Diabetes requires a lot of attention by the specialist, as the treatment is by life style modification , and the patient may also need to be given insulin injections or tablets.
Modern technologies have become able to cultivate the pancreas in the body, which performs the same functions performed by the real pancreas, by pumping he amount of insulin required by the body.
 There are mild  cases of diabetes, and most of them are asymptomatic, but here are other cases that need attention, and we need to pay more attentions that may affect your health as you grow up , like diabetes mellitus.